October 29, 2019


Full colour printed textbook of Automated Ultrasonic Testing for Pipeline Girth Welds for NDT cover. : 3This. The use of ultrasonics to test pipeline girth welds during pipeline today, the use of automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) of girth welds is becoming increasingly. This page book provides an overview of the principles of automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) of girth welds, and explains the many parameters that influence.

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From the weld, ultrasonic data is collected from which the defect sizes and positions can be determined by experienced operators using dedicated software algorithms.

Automated Ultrasonic inspection of Girth Welds in Seamless Pipes with the Olympus PipeWIZARD

Challenges of seamless pipe inspection Due to their variable wall thickness, inspecting seamless pipes with AUT can be a tedious process. All customers must request a return authorization number from ASNT before attempting to return any items. This geometry difference may account to some degree for the missed defects.

Clustered porosity is frequently found, especially larger clusters. Data for every thickness are recorded and easily selected in the software after a single scan of the calibration block or weld. This site uses cookies to enhance performance, analyze traffic, and for ads measurement purposes. Usually the AUT systems are mounted on a band strapped around the pipe. Automated ultrasonic testing AUT is globally seen as more than just an alternative to the standard radiographic inspection technique not only because it does not poses safety hazards but also because it is faster, more reliable and has better detection capabilities of critical Lack of Fusion defects in pipeline girth welds.

Conventional, zone-based sizing can give an error band in the range from mm. Only one block is used to perform the calibration. Contact Us Get a Quote. When inspecting these pipes using AUT, the operator must program three different setups and scan three calibration blocks to cover nominal, minimum, and maximum thicknesses. This information was provided along with the calibration coupons to each company.

Level II Study Guides: There is a considerable time and cost involved in this preparatory work. A set of probes was therefore needed to cover the whole of the weld thickness, one set on each side.

The different welding processes can result in some differences in the types of defect that can occur. This was modified to comply with the requirement to detect transverse defects. The early AUT systems used probes to focus beams of ultrasound onto zones along the weld fusion line.


After being welded, the welds were inspected using panoramic X-radiography. Some variations are apparent in the performance of different operators and companies and an on-the-job testing of operator competence has been proposed as this is such a crucial element of the operation.

Transverse cracking was also included in the specification. The purchaser is responsible for advising ASNT of any customs regulations pertaining to the order and for supplying all proper customs declaration forms with the order. Since this technique requires a separate scan of the weld for each setup, it adds significant time and cost because the number of calibration blocks, scans, and data files to analyze are multiplied by a factor of three.

During the weld inspection, the system simultaneously acquires data with the three setups. AUT developments The early AUT systems used probes to focus beams of ultrasound onto zones along the weld fusion line. This paper discusses the RTD Rotoscan system, which is the first worldwide AUT inspection system for new construction pipeline girth welds.

Some variation between inspection companies was apparent, indicating a lack of consistency. The interpretation of the radiographs demonstrated that the welding companies had produced a good set of defects in both types of weld and the defects were well distributed around the weld circumferences.

Automated Ultrasonic inspection of Girth Welds in Seamless Pipes with the Olympus PipeWIZARD

The issues surrounding the accuracy of size evaluation and further work needed in this area is discussed. An accuracy of better than 1 mm has been cited but automatwd is unlikely to be as good for real defects. This was because fro was intended to test only the capability of the equipment and interpretation. In general, results were obtained which were comparable to radiography in all areas except for isolated pores and inclusions.

A comparison of amplitude based AUT size values with destructive measures Ref. This ensures that the inspection setup takes into account all possible variations in thicknesses of the pipe and that all beams are properly calibrated before testinh data on the weld. A standard briefing was given to each company. Only unused or defective materials will be considered as returns. If an engineering critical assessment ECA specification were to be used, however, the repair rate was shown to drop substantially, with the potential for significant cost savings.


Their results were then compared with the best of several radiographic inspections.

While the basic tesging is similar from most suppliers, there are significant differences as well as new developments in response to the demands of the marketplace. Automated Ultrasonic Testing for Pipeline Girth Welds This book provides an automatde of the principles involved in automated ultrasonic testings of girth welds as well as presents some of the origins and many parameters that influence the results of these inspections.

The software makes understanding each setup easy by displaying a drawing of the weld with lines corresponding to each beam in the setup creator menu Figure 1. A false pipelinr may be worth including with the calibration or set-up block to reduce timing errors. Most importantly, using the PipeWIZARD system requires only a single calibration block and limits the number of scans required to inspect a weld, saving time and money.

Store Online Store Home. Additionally, two slots were ground externally, pipeeline through the weld cap of each type of weld and two more were ground internally, through the weld root of each type. No returns will be accepted after 45 days from date of invoice.

Materials returned to ASNT must be shipped prepaid. Customers with shipping addresses outside of the US are responsible for all duties, import taxes, and brokerage fees. Further work is needed to improve the detection of both copper and transverse defects. All sales are final on software and multimedia products.

The objective was to establish the effectiveness of AUT as an adequate alternative to radiography for pipeline construction when using mechanised welding. The sensitivity of AUT may indicate a long tail either side of a short feature, but it will then be assessed as having the depth of the short section and the length of the whole indication, including the tails; it is therefore more likely to fail assessment and to be repaired, perhaps unnecessarily.

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Generally, only one of the two areas was picked out, but three companies picked out neither area.