Download/Embed scientific diagram | Diagrama de Pourbaix del hierro  y voltaje en función del pH (línea azul). from publication: Síntesis de nanopartículas. Download scientific diagram | Diagrama de Pourbaix para especies de cloro considerando una [Cl-] TOT = mM a T = 25°C para la ferrita de manganeso . ESPECIE. ΔG° (cal/mol). Pb. 0. PbO. , Pb3O4. , Pb2O3. , PbO2. , Pb2+. -5, Pb4+. 72, H2O. , REACCIONES DE.
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The lines in the Pourbaix diagram show the equilibrium conditions, that is, where the activities are equal, for the species on each side of that line. A simplified Pourbaix diagram indicates regions of “Immunity”, “Corrosion” and “Passivity”, instead of the stable species.
The reaction equation is found to be:. Usually, the activity of a species is approximated as equal to the concentration for soluble species or partial pressure for gases. As such a Pourbaix diagram can be read much like a standard phase diagram with a different set of axes.
Pourbaix diagrams have several uses, for example in corrosion studies, geoscience and in environmental studies. The reaction equation may be written:. On either side of the line, one form diayramas the species will instead be said to be predominant. Archived copy as title Commons category link is on Wikidata. Similarly to phase diagrams, they do not allow for reaction rate or kinetic effects.
Retrieved from ” https: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Environmental Chemistry – a global perspective 3rd ed. The reaction equation is written:.
Diagrama de Pourbaix – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Below this line, water will be reduced to hydrogen, and it will usually not be possible to pass beyond this line as long as there is still water present to be reduced. As a function of temperature.
Predominant ion boundaries are represented by lines. Sometimes additional lines are drawn for other concentrations.
The equation must be balanced for M, H, O and charge. While such diagrams can be drawn for any chemical system, it is important to note that the addition of a metal binding agent ligand will often modify the diagram.
The same values should be used for all species present in the system. Using the Nernst equation as above, but with an E 0 of 1. This will vary with temperature. Views Read Edit View history. In order to draw the position of the lines with the Nernst equation, the activity of the chemical species at equilibrium must be defined.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pourbaix diagrams. See diagrams at right. In addition, changes in temperature and concentration of solvated ions in solution will shift the equilibrium lines in accordance with the Nernst equation.
The presence of trace amounts of certain species such as chloride ions can also greatly affect the stability of certain species by destroying passivating layers.
Diagrama de Pourbaix
A base-balanced equation can be converted to an acid-balanced equation using the equilibrium constant for the self-ionization of waterand only acid-balanced equations are considered opurbaix.
Using the Pourbaix diagram correctly will help shed light not only on the nature of the species present in the solution or sample but may also help to understand the reaction mechanism. For instance, carbonate has a great effect upon the diagram for pourvaix. Above this line, water will be oxidized to form oxygen gas, and it will usually not be diagramqs to pass beyond this line as long as there is still water present to be oxidized.
Pourbaix diagrams are also known as E H -pH diagrams due to the labeling of the two axes. There are three types of line boundaries in a Pourbaix diagram: In the Pourbaix diagram for uranium, the limits of stability of water are marked by the two dashed green lines, and the stability region for water falls between these lines. The diagrams also do not take kinetic effects into account, meaning that species shown as unstable might not diaggamas to any significant degree in practice.