April 11, 2019


Fior di Battaglia: MS Ludwig XV 13 – J. Paul Getty Museum Fior di Battaglia: M. – Pierpoint Morgan Library Flos Duellatorum: Pisani-Dossi MS -Private. The Flower of Battle (Flos Duellatorum in Latin or Fior di Battaglia in Italian) XV 13; Morgan Library M; a copy privately held by the Pisani-Dossi family; and. Aug 16, Flos Duellatorum (“The Flower of Battle”, Pisani-Dossi MS) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de’i Liberi and dated 10 February

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Fior di Battaglia (MS M) ~ Wiktenauer ~☞ Insquequo omnes gratuiti fiant

The challenge of rebuilding the man who bore the name Fiore will require exhaustive research into archives, personal collections and libraries which remain untouched or inaccessible today with respect to research on the man Fiore. It is among the most complete presentations from the period of an integrated combat method of armed and unarmed, armored and unarmored, foot and mounted combat.

In rare cases, a fourth type of master appears called “Contra-Contrario” counter-counterwho likewise wears the crown and garter and demonstrates how to defeat the master’s duellatorun.

You have wicked desires and of this art know little, you especially do things that have no place in words, come one by one who knows how to do it and even if you were one hundred I will ruin you all because of this guard that is therefore good and strong.

Very little is known of the master swordsman “Fiore dei Liberi da Premmariacco” except what he describes of himself in his prologue. Duellatorrum on the allegiances of the nobles that he trained in the s, he seems to have been associated with the ducal court of Milan in the latter part of his career.

Fior di Battaglia (MS M.383)

Fiore seems to mkrgan sided with the secular nobility against the Cardinal as in there is record of him being tasked by the grand council with inspection and maintenance on the artillery pieces defending Udine including large crossbows and catapults.

Continuing on with the Getty’s text accompanying the same figures in its version, it reads as:.

Interestingly, there is no mention of the Marquis de Ferrera in the Morgan’s prologue, in fact, there is no mention of anyone who may be interepreted as being Morgqn Patron. Composed of short rhyming captions and heavily illustrated, it includes material on long-sword spadonedagger, spear, wrestling, poleax, and lance. And if a spear or sword is thrown at me, I will beat them all like I have said passing out of the way. No other details duellatorkm the duels were included in the prologue of either version nor any external references describing these duels have been found to date.


It is referred to as the Pisani-Dossi manuscript for the last collection it was a part of before its disappearance.

Flos Duellatorum

The Getty-Ludwig version is the most informative, being distinguished by several categorizations added by its copyist and, according to Robert Charron, an expert on the manuscript, by the degree of comprehension of the master’s teaching displayed. Contributors Editors Forum Global map Hroarr.

And even with a one handed sword I will do my art as it duwllatorum after in these papers. Fiore wrote that he trained under different masters in different provinces at great personal expense, implying that he was able to draw upon family resources indicating some level of financial stamina in the least, indicative of a modest noble family.

Yet, Fiore’s prologue has no mention of Nicolo as one of his students demonstrating feats of arms of the knowledge and skills learned from Fiore.

Dei Liberi is at duellatorkm the earliest surviving master of Italian fighting arts and a primary source for the Medieval Italian long-sword. Secondo alcune fonti, di Grumello nel pavese. Navigation menu Personal tools English Log in Request account.

Perhaps Nicolo had the desire to become or at least be perceived as a master, given that Fiore states in the prologue that no man has a great enough moggan to remember the complete art without the aid of such a book. He then began to write the manuscript for the knightly nobility and dedicated his treatise to the marquise.

This commercial edition will clarify several key points, errors, and mistranslations that exist in current modern Italian interpretations. Mounted fencing by Fiore de’i Liberi. Duellatirum is the longest and most comprehensive of the four manuscripts of Fior di Battaglia. This manuscript is often referred to as dueloatorum Pierpont Morgan or simply the Morgan.

Francesco Novati and D. Galeazzo made the challenge when Boucicaut called into question the valor of Italians at the royal court of France, and the duel was ultimately set for Padua on 15 August. The major sections of the work include: They continued to fight in the barriers, all occuring in Imola. Spear and dagger vs.

Fiore dei Liberi – Wikipedia

The information contained within survives in the form of a facsimile by the Italian historian Francesco Novati. The illustration and text actually reveal that the particular ” posta ” or guard which the master has assumed is able to defend and offend an attack from any one of the originating offensive stances.


Paul Getty Museum Fior di Battaglia: In its continuing effort to promote the authentic skills of legitimate Medieval martial arts, ARMA is proud to present select portions from one version of Fiore Dei Liberi’s famed fencing manual of c.

It is a figure of a man, divided by seven swords centered on the body, representing the poste or guard positions. Its prologue is quite unlike the other two versions, in that it completely devoid of any description of the feats of arms of Fiore’s students, and mentions Fiore’s career as 50 years as opposed to 40 years in the other two versions. File upload Batch upload.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The general thinking as to why the Morgan’s is so much shorter than the other two, was that it was probable that the manuscript was not completed due to lack of funds or events which precluded its completion.

Details of the outcome of this duel were not revealed in the prologue, however, it would be doubtful that Fiore would write on a student who wasn’t victorious. Novati the original now lost is partially in Latin verse and often called the Flos Duellatorium in Armisor roughly “The Best of the Duelists. Digital scans x Digital scans details. Retrieved from ” https: It consisted of 58 folios bound in leather with a clasp, with a white eagle and two helmets on the first page. Novati described it as a small, thin, vellum folio, pen and ink with gold highlights, and illustrations of sword and lance combat on foot and horseback.

There is nothing in the prologue which may indicate that Fiore was a member of the Marquis’s court and given Fiore was a reputable and notable swordsman, Nicolo’s library was enhanced with the addition of Fiore’s treatise which he started writing on February 10, and completed the treatise some six months later. The Measure of a Master Swordsman. Fiore continued to elaborate the duel which then continued on foot to the count of three blows of axe, three blows of sword and three blows of dagger, all in the presence of “countless” high ranking nobles including the prince and the Lord and the Lady Duchess of Milan.