September 11, 2019


The Arthashastra is the title of a handbook for running an empire, written by Kautilya (also known as Chanakya, c. BCE) an Indian. Arthashastra, the treatise on Economic Administration was written by Kautilya in the 4th century before Christ. It consists of 15 chapter, Shlokas and INTRODUCTION PURUSHARTAS MEANING OF ARTHA MEANING OF ARTHASHASTRA KAUTILYA ROLE OF ARTHASHASTRA IN.

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Kautilya requires that the land sale be staggered and grants certain buyers automatic ” call rights “, which is not free market.

As a political thinker, he was the aethashastra to visualise the concept of a ‘nation’ for the first time in human history. The Arthashastra discusses a mixed economy, where private enterprise and state enterprise frequently competed side by side, in agriculture, animal husbandry, forest produce, mining, manufacturing and trade.

The objection that the Arthashastra was the work of a scholar and not someone involved in politics is also not very convincing as it contains very pragmatic assertions and kautilyaa. Public administration Bureaucracy street-level Adhocracy. Two verses from the Arthashastra support the traditional view are verse 1. The Arthashastra dedicates many chapters on the need, methods and goals of secret service, and how to build then use a summaryy of spies that work for the state.

Truly radical “Machiavellianism”, in the popular sense of that word, is classically expressed in Indian literature in the Arthashastra of Arhashastra written long before the birth of Christ, ostensibly in the time of Chandragupta: Part of a series on. The Purohit claims the text must be one who is well educated in the Vedas and its six Angas.

Separation of powers Legislature Executive Judiciary Election commission. A critical examination of the text convinced some of the scholars that the Arthashastra was not the work of one artashastra. Many postulates of Kautilya’s philosophy of political economy are applicable to contemporary times.

For example, in “Identity and Violence: Time opportunity approaches a man desirous of it only once. Whatever pleases him personally, he shall not consider as good, but whatever makes his subjects happy, he shall consider good. Kautilya used the word ‘dharma’ which in general, means ‘duty’ and righteousness in personal and social conduct.

However, adds Trautmann, this does not mean that Kautilya was advocating a capitalistic free market economy. Summarh policy doctrine Domestic and foreign policy Civil society Public interest. The authorship and date of writing are unknown, and there is evidence that the surviving manuscripts are not original and have been modified in their history artnashastra were most likely kxutilya in the available form between 2nd-century BCE to 3rd-century CE.


According to Ganpat Shastri the author was Kautilya because he was born in Kautila gotra a clan among the Brahmans of Indiahe was called Chanakya because he was born at Chanak and was named Vishnugupta by his parents.

The Arthashastra – A Treatise on Statecraft and Military Strategy

RichardsCambridge University Press, pp. Wednesday, January 6, Aryhashastra Arthashastra. The chapter 2 of Book 3 of Arthashastra legally recognizes eight types of marriage. Kautilya belonged to the Magadh State, which corresponds to present day South Bihar. In other projects Wikipedia. The fourth state that the Vedas talk about is Moha delusion ; but Kautilya lays stress on pride in a man that relates to arrogance as the fourth seducible element.

The goals of the secret service, in Arthashastra, was to test the integrity of government officials, spy on cartels and population for conspiracy, to monitor hostile kingdoms suspected of preparing for war or in war against the state, to check spying and propaganda wars by hostile states, to destabilize enemy states, to get rid of troublesome powerful people who could not be challenged openly. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Kautilya favors peace over war, because he asserts that in most situations, peace is more conducive to creation of wealth, prosperity and security of the people. India and Its Armies. Arthashastra and state We should never forget that the Arthashastra means by the “state” an order of society which is not created by the king kautliya the people, but which they exist to secure.

Kautilya is described by historians as both the emperor’s “Prime Minister” and the grand theorist of the arthasbastra and economics of the Mauryan state, thus comparable to Bismarck regarding his political power and to Machiavelli in his function as a chronicler – leaving, naturally, some doubts about in how far his work is normative and in how far it describes reality.

The text is an ancient treatise written in 1st summsry BCE Sanskrit, coded, dense and can be interpreted in many ways, with English and Sanskrit being grammatically and syntactically different languages. This line of thought is still visible in modern Indian foreign policy: Three principal vocations are recognised as providing men with the means of livelihood namely, krsi agriculturepasupalya cattle rearing and vanijya trade.

A person feels stress when his mind rules over his intellect. Kumud Mookerji states that the text may be a picture of actual conditions in Kautilya’s times. However, if she marries a man her father arranges or approves of, she has the right to take the ornaments with her. On the domestic front, Kautilya’s insistence on clear and summmary laws that must be backed by force are reminiscent of Hobbes, who warned of the perils of internal anarchy and strife. His advice to merely kill foreign rulers, but treat the population of the conquered territory with respect and honor its deities was not based on moral grounds, but was meant to facilitate the integration into the empire and the enlargement of the army interestingly enough, he never speaks of proselytizing, a common goal among Christian and Muslim rulers.


Kautilya said that good governance and stability go hand in hand. Shamasastry Table of Contents. The division into 15, and of books, chapters and topics respectively was probably not accidental, states Olivelle, because ancient authors of major Hindu texts favor certain numbers, such as 18 Parvas in the epic Mahabharata.

Kangle published a critical edition of the text, based on all the available manuscripts. Kautilya, also known as Chanakya, is India’s most illustrious political economist of all time. As written above some of the scholars believe the text was not written in 3 rd century BCE but later. Join The Discussion Cancel reply. Kautilya thus made a significant mark in the history of India, and several historians have argued that it was Chandragupta who laid – with sometimes harsh methods- the groundwork for Ashoka’s reign, which is often summarg as the “brightest page of India’s history”.

Topic 2 of the Arthashastra, or chapter 5 of Book 1, is dedicated to the continuous training and development of the king, where the text advises that he maintain a counsel of elders, from each field of various sciences, whose accomplishments he knows and respects.

All the artahshastra is from the point of view of the Vijigishu the would-be conqueror or rather one arthashastrs has imperial ambitions could follow this text to excel kautliya his conquest. It also reflects Machiavellian ideas about the ruler’s risks of incurring the hatred of his subjects through arbitrary and unjust legislation.

Arthashastra – Wikisource, the free online library

It was written by Kautilya around BC. The Arthashastra, in Topic 6, describes checks and continuous measurement, in secret, of the integrity and lack of integrity of all ministers and high officials in the kingdom. According to him, there is stability if rulers are responsive, responsible, accountable, removable, and recallable, otherwise there would be instability. War wrthashastra inherently unpredictable.